Repairing strawberry varieties are demanding for watering and top dressing, and some of them do not breed mustache. At the same time, these plants are highly resistant to diseases and do not require shelter for the winter. Thanks to continuous flowering, crops can be harvested from early June to late August. It is recommended to choose varieties with different ripening dates for planting on the plot, then it will be possible to enjoy ripe sweet berries almost all summer.
What does repair strawberry mean?
Strawberry of the repairing varieties has several flowering cycles and bears fruit several times during the summer with intervals of 1.5-2 weeks. The ripening period of berries can last until the end of September, especially in the southern regions of Russia.
Such a variety of strawberries does not tolerate drafts and shading, but it hibernates well without shelter. Modern selection allows you to feast on berries:
- white-fruited, red, yellow, orange;
- different shapes and sizes;
- with a classic strawberry flavor, nutmeg and pineapple flavor.
Varieties of remontants are neutral daylight plants, regardless of the season, the fruiting of the berry culture is not interrupted, so the plant is often grown in pots on the windowsill. This strawberry needs to be changed every two to three years, it is better to have beds of different ages on the garden plot: last year's plants will give the smallest crop for the third year.
The ability of repair strawberries to lay buds at any time of the year, regardless of the continuation of daylight hours, does not guarantee a stable crop in closed ground. The size and taste of berries grown at home is significantly different from summer strawberries ripening in the beds. Even if you can get the berries on the windowsill, perhaps they will be smaller and sour.
Table: advantages and disadvantages of the strawberry
|The first crop can be obtained at|
10-14 days earlier than with classic varieties.
|When planting seeds are lost|
|No need to warm the beds for the winter (in conditions|
|Culture is more demanding: the soil must|
regularly moisturize and loosen, it is necessary
periodically (with an interval of 2-3 weeks)
organics and mineral complex fertilizers.
|Resistant to Strawberry Weevil|
and fungal diseases.
|Due to continuous fruiting, the plant|
Ages quickly, the berry grows smaller.
How to grow refurbished strawberries
In order for sweet, fragrant berries to grow on the bed one in one all summer, it is necessary to take seriously the choice of the placement of strawberries on the site and the preparation of the seat. It is necessary to carry out watering, treatment from pests and weeding in time, remove dry and damaged leaves from the site.
Planting Strawberry Removable
Strawberries are planted in the spring: from March 20 to mid-May, and in autumn in early September (until the 10th day). During spring planting, the plant develops a powerful root system during the summer and gives the first modest yield for the sample. Most often in the spring, young seedlings grown from seeds are planted, and the separated mother bushes are two-year-olds.
In the south, strawberries begin to be planted from the first decade of March, in the middle lane from late March to the last decade of April. In the north, the best planting dates for removable strawberries are the third decade of May.
In autumn, the landing begins on the 20th of August and is completed by September 10. In order for the bushes to take root, it is necessary to plant 3 weeks before the predicted frosts. Autumn planting is suitable for propagation of strawberries with a mustache, at this time layering has well-developed roots.
When planting strawberries remontant at any time of the year, the daytime temperature should not be lower than +15 +18 ° С, at night higher than +5 ° С. The beds are located to the southeast, best of all to the south.
Preparing the soil for planting
Removable strawberry grows well on loose light soils, sandy loams or loams with the addition of fertile peat 2-3 buckets per 1 m are perfect2, chicken droppings are enough 1.5 buckets per 1 m2 or 2 buckets of cow dung in the same area. Before planting, the area is cleaned of weeds, roots and stones. To improve soil aeration and enrichment with useful substances, future beds are planted with green manure (phacelia, mustard, oats). This is done in the year preceding planting.
From autumn, I bring in square ammonia nitrate (100 g) per meter, ash - half a bucket and superphosphate (100-120 g) per meter. And also in the process of preparing the site, I add a couple of buckets of rotted manure or when planting 1-2 handfuls in each hole, for the repair varieties, soil fertility is of great importance.Svetlana
How to Grow Repairing Strawberry Varieties with Seeds
It is best to plant seeds of a repairing strawberry after stratification (holding seeds at a certain temperature to accelerate germination). They begin sowing in late January - early February, planting time is selected so that by the time of resettlement in open ground the plant is fully formed and matured. With late sowing (in late February), seedlings will have to be planted on the site in the summer heat. In this case, fragile young plants require shading and regular watering, that is, a later planting of troubles.
For the first time, I planted the seeds of a repairing strawberry in a jar of yogurt. Small and comfortable, easily fit in your hand, you could watch how barely noticeable shoots pecked. But after a month and a half, when the plants had three leaves, I had to plant bushes, as the soil in small containers quickly dried out. Important: strawberry seedlings do not tolerate waterlogging and drought alike, this causes instant death of fragile shoots.
I had to transplant small seedlings into cut-off liter plastic bottles (10 cm deep). In this bowl, the bushes calmly survived until they moved to the ground. But next time I took flower pots with a volume of 1.5 and 2 liters - it seemed most convenient for watering and loosening. A week after the emergence of seedlings, I fed the sprouts with baker's yeast: I took dry yeast at the tip of a knife per liter of warm water, this feeding took place regularly (every 5-7 days). Every two weeks, it was watered under the root with complex preparations: once with Aquarin, the second time with a gummed supplement. The next top dressing was carried out at the end of April already on a bed in the open ground (tincture of mullein on water in the calculation of 1: 3 with the addition of 100 g of ash in a bucket of solution).
The container with seeds was first covered with cling film to create a mini-greenhouse. After the seedlings hatch, the film will only harm - in such conditions, fungi and mold quickly develop on the soil surface. Sprouts are placed on the south window, excluding direct sunlight on plants. Gently watered under the root or sprayed as the soil surface dries. With a thin stick or the tip of a knife, gently loosen the top layer of soil along the mini-beds to improve air exchange in the roots.
In caring for strawberry sprouts, the first two months the main thing is not to harm. The most accurate watering is obtained from a syringe, it allows you to irrigate only the soil surface, it is easy to calculate the dosage of water up to drops. It is convenient to loosen with an ordinary toothpick. If thin shoots are watered too abundantly, they can stick to the soil and break. Loosening is also a delicate job, if you accidentally pick up fragile and long roots-hairs, the plant can be pulled out of the soil.
Video: strawberry seed remover
In the phase of three to four leaves, strawberries are dived when the fifth and sixth leaves appear - the plant can be relocated to the open ground. Pre seedlings are taken out for hardening on a balcony or a veranda. This is done daily for 2-4 hours a week before the seedlings are placed in a permanent place.
To get seed at home, the berries are kneading well in warm water, after 10-15 minutes, the seeds settle to the bottom of the dishes. The contents are poured onto the surface of the prepared soil substrate and covered with a film for germination.
Seedlings of repairing varieties are planted on beds, the predecessors of which were siderata, root crops, and melon. It is better to do this in the morning or evening hours in cloudy weather at a temperature of + 15 + 20 ° С. In adult seedlings, the roots are shortened to 7-10 cm.
- Before planting, the soil on the beds is mixed with superphosphate (150 g per 1 m2) and 1.5-2 buckets per square meter of rotted soft manure. The width of the beds is 2-3 meters, the distance between the bushes: 25-30 cm for small-fruited repairers, about 40 cm for large-fruited varieties.
- In the holes make indentations of 10 cm watered (enough liters per bush).
- Plants are carefully removed from the containers for seedlings, trying not to damage the long, thin roots, lowered into the planting hole and carefully sprinkled with soil. It is important to ensure that the growth point is not sprinkled, and the leaves do not stick together and jam.
- The basal space is mulched with small sawdust.
When the beds are ready, I form the holes in which I put 2-3 granules of the drug from the bear. It is this pest that most often does not allow plants to develop, eating up roots and young shoots at the base of the root. Since in the strawberry beds after planting, high humidity is always maintained in order for the layering and seedlings to take root, the bear always settles in the neighborhood. The pest prefers moist, loose soil, it is this soil that is prepared for planting strawberries.
After 2-3 weeks, the first leaflet will appear from the central kidney. It's time to make the first fertilizing with mineral fertilizers for seedlings (according to the instructions). The next fertilizer application is organized after 2 weeks, an infusion of organic matter and ash is prepared (1 kg of fresh manure, 1-2 g of boric acid and half a glass of ash per 5 liters of warm water) and 250-300 g per bush are used. The first two weeks water the seedlings in the beds every 3-4 days.
If the weather is hot, the beds shade for the first time. To do this, dig in pieces of slate along the beds, leaving 20-30 cm above the ground. Strawberry seedlings are very sensitive to the sun, in the heat of leaflets quickly turn yellow and deteriorate.Nadezhda K.
Planting pattern of strawberry remontant
Plant strawberries in well-lit areas, if necessary, the plant suffers partial shade without damage to the crop, provided that this happens periodically during the day. Landings try not to thicken, they are arranged in one and two rows, with a continuous carpet or tapeworms on decorative flower beds. But it is also convenient to grow this culture in greenhouses and greenhouses, in flower containers at home on the window. Strawberries get along well next to currants and gooseberries, onions and garlic, carrots, radishes, green peas, and undersized annual flowers.
In single-row beds 60-70 cm wide, bushes are placed with an interval of 40-50 cm. Such plantings are easy to handle from weeds, strawberries are not thickened, so they keep up with faster and less rot.
But more often, strawberry remontant planted in a bush two-line way. Two beds are formed at a distance of 60-80 cm from each other. Strawberries are planted in a row, retreating 30-40 cm from each subsequent bush.
Often in the first year of planting, strawberry remontant, able to let out a mustache, is planted in one row. During the growing season, all mustaches that have been thrown away by mother bushes are directed parallel to the bed, placing young shoots in pre-prepared holes with a nutrient substrate. This method allows you to form a second row of strawberries.
Video: planting schemes for the maintenance of strawberries
To mulch strawberry beds in the row-spacings in summer, I use ordinary cardboard boxes of products (disassembled) that utilize grocery stores - neatly, environmentally friendly and economical. Such a mulch is enough just for the summer. During the winter, the paper rots and decomposes.
Photo gallery: ways to place strawberries in the garden
- Solitary planting option - strawberries in a wooden box
- Strawberries in a round flower bed grow no worse than in a garden
- Strawberries can braid the entire plot - carpeted planting
- Strawberry remontant fruiting even in a pot
Due to the high load, the bushes of the repairing varieties age very quickly, the main crop is obtained in the first year of fruiting, and less abundant in the second year. It is necessary to take care of the planting material of the repairmen in advance. It is recommended to renew the beds annually by planting young offspring or divisions (a bush divided into several parts with a developed root system).
By dividing the bush, mainly beckless small-fruited strawberries propagate mainly.
- The plant is dug up and divided into several bushes with roots and central buds.
- Dip into a hole poured with water.
- Sprinkle the roots, slightly tamping the surface of the hands with your hands.
- Mulch with hay or oilcloth.
Propagation of garden mustard strawberries is usually not difficult. Plants are planted in the same way as young seedlings, observing the distance between the bushes and rows.
Video: how to get a lot of mustache from a repair strawberry
Seeding seedlings can be obtained by tucking them around the mother bush in the soil or lowering them into glasses with prepared fertile substrate. After rooting, choose well-developed large bushes (first and second order) with 2-3 leaves and transplanted to a permanent place. Separate beds are often taken away for mustache reproduction, with wider row spacing up to a meter, the distance between individual mother bushes is 50-60 cm, making room for a mustache.
Video: strawberry propagation mustache
The peculiarity of the strawberry with mustache is that in the first year of vegetation a large number of offspring appear, therefore the main period of propagation of the mustache is the first year of the plant's life. During the ripening of the berries, it is recommended to pick off the mustache, the more mustaches on the plant, the less abundant the crop and the berry is smaller.
Strawberry care after planting
During the growing season, repairmen yield several times more yield than ordinary traditional strawberry varieties, so they need fertile soil and regular organic fertilizing. The surface of the beds is mulched to preserve soil moisture and protect berries from rot during fruiting.As mulch, straw, hay, sawdust, needles, as well as oilcloth and lutrasil are used.
Strawberries are regularly loosened, young shoots (mustaches) must be removed if they do not need to be rooted for reproduction.
Video: Strawberry Maintenance
Strawberries are watered regularly, especially in hot, sunny weather. The irrigation process is carried out in the evening or in the morning, until the air has warmed above +25 ° C. For irrigation use settled water at least 15-20 ° C. Plants are watered under the root during mass flowering and during fruit ripening, the sprinkling method is used before and after flowering. The best option is drip irrigation of berry plantings.
There are many options for strawberry fertilizer:
- nitroammophoskos (potassium + phosphorus + nitrogen), superphosphate, potassium sulfate, urea;
- organic matter in the form of chicken droppings (solution 1:20), cow manure (solution 1:10);
- iodine, boric acid and manganese;
- biological products (for example, Kemira);
- self-cooking top dressing (infusion of herbs, baker's yeast, wood ash).
Strawberries are fed twice before flowering and 1-2 times in the intervals between the subsequent formation of peduncles.
- Organics are introduced during the flowering period and during the formation of the ovaries - early to mid-May.
- In early spring, nitrogen fertilizers (urea) are introduced, in late July - early August, when there is a break between fruiting, mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium are introduced, this will accelerate the formation of flower buds of the coming year.
Video: homemade strawberry dressing
How to feed a potted remover strawberry
When growing strawberries in a pot culture, it is necessary to carefully monitor the soil moisture and regularly feeds it. In containers, the soil dries quickly and becomes less fertile, this can be judged by the yellowness of the lower leaves, the crushing of berries and the slow growth of the plant.
Fertilizers for repairing strawberries are recommended to be applied every 7-10 days, while mineral fertilizing is alternated with organic and herbal infusions.
- Kemira, Kemira Lux and other complex non-chlorine preparations (according to instructions) are used as mineral fertilizers when grown in a pot.
- Conventional organic matter per 1 kg of fresh cow dung per 5 liter bottle gives good results. The mixture is infused for a day and watered under the root of the plant - 150-200 g per bush.
- You can brew nettle or a mixture of herbs - dandelion, wormwood, tansy - 200 g of fresh raw materials in 3 liters of water. The broth is allowed to infuse for 6-8 hours and pour strawberries on them. Such top dressing under the root not only enriches the soil, but also disinfects it.
Closer to winter - from mid-September to early October, depending on the variety and region - the plants are prepared for wintering. At this time, watering is reduced and sanitary cutting of dry and damaged leaves is carried out. A mustache is cut, which appears before the first frost and pulls nutrients from the plant. In the northern regions, strawberries are thrown with straw (layer 5-10 cm) to protect against freezing.
Preventive treatment for diseases and pests
Spring treatment of strawberry plantings with urea and spraying with Topaz (early to mid-March before active growth) helps to combat gray rot.
To combat pests, beds are spilled with a solution of hydrogen peroxide (10 ml per 10-liter bucket of water). And also make a solution of two glasses of ash, filled with boiling water, add 2 g of boric acid, 2 g of potassium permanganate and 1 tablespoon of iodine. The mixture is abundantly sprayed with bushes in dry, calm weather.Evgenia Yurievna
To get rid of slugs that spoil the crop and damage the leaves, spread planks or pieces of ruberoid 30 to 50 cm in size along the beds. In hot weather, pests gather in the moist soil that is preserved beneath them, it is enough to collect the slugs and destroy them.
In preparation for wintering, beds with strawberries are loosened and cultivated with Karbofos solution (3 tablespoons per 10 liters of warm water are insisted for 3-4 hours).
Varieties of repair strawberries with description and characteristics
There are several varieties of strawberry remontant with and without mustache, which can be grown in open ground, in ampel form and in a greenhouse.
Table: the most famous self-pollinated varieties of remontant strawberries with a description and characteristic
|Grade name||Description and characteristic|
|Rujana (Czech selection)|
|Rügen (German selection)|
|Baron Solemacher (Dutch selection)|
|Holiday (American Breeding)|
Photogallery of famous self-pollinated varieties of repair strawberries
- The unpretentious Ruyan takes root and bears fruit equally well on loose sandy soils and on heavy black earth
- Fragrant Rugen berries ripen in early June
- The bezous-free variety Baron Solemacher was one of the first to conquer domestic garden plots due to its unpretentiousness and productivity.
- From one bush of strawberries Holiday, you can collect up to 7 kg of berries
Bezosaya remontantny strawberry of a grade with the description and characteristic
Such a strawberry does not have the additional load that the bushes receive, giving an abundant mustache during fruiting.
- The needless repairmen easily breed by dividing the bush and seeds.
- Resistant to lower temperatures.
- Differ in a longer ripening period of berries.
Table: the best remodeled strawberry varieties without a mustache
|Grade name||Description and characteristic|
|Snow White (Russian selection)|
|Vima Rina (Dutch selection)|
|Strawberry Yellow Wonder (Danish selection)|
|Strawberry Ali Baba|
Photo gallery: the best refurbished strawberry varieties without a mustache
- Snow white with thin pineapple notes due to the lack of red pigment is suitable for allergy sufferers
- Vima Rina's berries are similar to the fruits of a garden strawberry with traditional fruiting
- Strawberry Yellow miracle is not afraid of frost, so it has taken root in garden plots in the Urals and Siberia
- The drought-resistant strawberries Lyubasha have the same berries, and the seeds turn red when fully ripened
- Strawberry Coquette is similar to meadow strawberries in both taste and shape
- Fragrant jam is obtained from small-fruited strawberries Ali Baba
Varieties of strawberry ampelous remontant with a description and characteristic
The advantages of ampel varieties are that they are not only decorative, but also allow you to enjoy healthy berries all summer.
Large-fruited strawberries The garland bears fruit from the end of June almost until the beginning of September, propagated by a mustache. Soft pink berries with sourness weigh up to 30 g, have the shape of a cone. Since ampel hybrids most often grow in pots and pots, there should be good drainage at the bottom of the planting containers, the surface must be constantly loosened - the variety does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil.
Strawberry Temptation with red elongated berries in shape (weight up to 35 g) looks decorative and decorates the beds thanks to high shoots with numerous flowers. A lush bush is tied to a trellis or allowed to hang freely, while a pot of strawberries is suspended at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from the ground in a sunny place that is closed from drafts. It is slightly resistant to frost.
Repairing varieties of strawberries for greenhouses with a description and characteristics
For indoor cultivation, experts recommend the well-known repairing variety Elizaveta 2 with long continuous fruiting, small-fruited Alexandria, a hybrid of the Czech selection of Selva. These strawberry varieties are cultivated for year-round harvest in greenhouses.
Table: Repairing strawberry varieties for greenhouses
|Grade name||Description and characteristic|
|Alexandria (Swiss selection)|
|Selva (Czech selection)|
|Fragrant basket (Russian selection)|
Photo gallery: repair strawberry varieties for greenhouses
- Strawberry Elizabeth 2 bears fruit from May to the end of September
- In the variety Alexandria, the berries are not large, but fragrant and sweet.
- Strawberry Selva is highly immune to diseases, it is also not very attractive for pests
- Strawberries Fragrant basket are enjoyed in early June
Other varieties of strawberry remontant
There are more than 30 known varieties of strawberry remontant, having positive reviews from experienced gardeners. Harvesting and weather-resistant European and domestic hybrids, little-known and being on variety testing, are grown both by ordinary summer residents and farmers on an industrial scale.
Table: Other modern varieties of strawberry remontant
|Grade name||Description and characteristic|
|Monterey (American Breeding)|
|Letizia (Italian selection)|
|San Andreas (Italian hybrid)|
Photo gallery: other varieties of strawberry remontant
- Strawberry Monterey blooms and bears fruit 3-4 times per season
- Elsinore Strawberry is a large-fruited, remontant variety with fragrant berries
- Strawberry Letizia gives a plentiful harvest in a continental climate
- Strawberry San Andreas bears fruit in 5-week intervals before the first frost
- Strawberries Moscow delicacy can be easily identified by stupidly flattened berries with deeply planted seeds
Removable strawberry varieties suitable for cultivation in the regions
Most of the well-known varieties of repair strawberries are grown everywhere due to their frost resistance and unpretentiousness. When choosing a variety, it is important to focus on growing conditions in the climatic zone. Considering that there are small-fruited and large-fruited varieties, sweet and sour, the taste preferences of the gardener when choosing strawberries play an important role.
Video: the best varieties for growing in the regions of Russia
Varieties of strawberries remontantny for cultivation in Moscow suburbs
Varieties that tolerate waterlogging and are resistant to return frosts are suitable for the Moscow Region. Alexandria and Ryugen, amazing strawberry taste. The Yellow Wonder, a favorite of Moscow delicacy in recent years, Ruyan, with delicate strawberry notes of Lyubasha - the most unpretentious and suitable for growing in a variable climate. As an ampel plant, the Garland variety is planted.
Varieties of strawberries remontantny for cultivation in a central zone of Russia
The most famous repairing varieties - early ripe Baron Solemacher, fragrant Rujana, large-fruited Selva, Rugen - are frequent guests in garden plots in Central Russia, the Volga region, Chernozemye. Elsenore, Holiday adapted to the temperate climate. Lyubava and Zolotinka bloom profusely and bear fruit up to 2 years. The most common varieties are Ali Baba and Alexandria, it is they who give preference to gardeners, as the most unpretentious repairmen.
Varieties of strawberry remontant for growing in Siberia and the Urals
Basically, for cultivation, varieties are selected that easily tolerate frosts and bear fruit continuously during the season:
- Baron Solemacher.
- Yellow miracle.
Even in the Siberian climate, you can find small-fruited varieties of remontant strawberries - they are the most resistant to return cold weather. In Siberia, it is necessary to warm strawberries for the winter with a layer of mulch from straw. In the first decade of May, it is recommended to cover early varieties at night with non-woven materials to protect flowering shoots from frost.
Removant varieties of strawberries for growing in Belarus
In the southern regions of Belarus varieties Monterey and Selva are grown, here you can find fruitful Elizabeth 2 and Albion, a fragrant Forest tale on garden plots; ampel hybrids - Temptation and Garland. These are mainly varieties that tolerate drought and hot weather. In the regions located to the north, they cultivate Rugen strawberries, the recently gained Yoshkoralinku, Moscow delicacy, Baron Solemacher, unpretentious strawberries Wima Rina, a novelty of the last decade, the variety Charlotte. Heat-loving varieties (for example, Monterey) require additional shelter for the winter.
Video: the best variety of repair strawberries in Belarus
I planted it very simply: superficially in a greenhouse on a moist soil + sprinkled on top of a spray gun. Closed and did not even air. They came up, now with real leaves. Of course, I’ll stretch the soil higher. In the past and the year before last, she grew strawberries on the balcony (Rugen, Alexandria). In the first year, I planted bushes in ordinary flower pots, 12 cm. Already in the middle of summer, this volume was disastrously small, solid roots in pots. In the second year I planted in a high 20-liter volume of about 5 liters. Strawberries were not greedy for the crop, it was like in a garden. That’s such an experience, so this year I will also allocate at least 5 l pots under each bush.tanchela
I had the berry of ampelous strawberries blooming in red flowers, and I sowed the seeds. So far I planted 5 liters each in cut-off bottles from water. I wrapped it in foil so that it would not bloom in transparent greens. This is simply the largest packaging I could find. All the pots and my pots turned out to be less. There are also balcony boxes of 60 and 40 centimeters. For that year I’ll look: whether I’ll leave it in bottles in the future, or I’ll put it in boxes, according to the circumstances.diletant
She planted a repairing strawberry until mid-October - the survival rate is excellent, the bushes, most importantly, do not get wet and do not vyprit. And in the spring planting, you need to feed when the bush takes root in a new place, immediately after the transplant nothing is fed. Only 10 days after the spring transplant ... I put a tablespoon of urea and half a spoonful of boric acid on a bucket of water. Ash wood is also very good to shed. In general, until there is no flower, chemistry can be shed. Ash all the time. And threw the flower away - that's it. I do not water chemistry. I insist on ash for a week with a liter jar in a bucket of water and then I dilute a liter of solution in a bucket. I pour a watering can on a 12-meter bed of 4-5 watering cans. Watering can is good, because it turns out foliar top dressing right away.Tamriko
Harmonious taste and decorativeness, long fruiting and high productivity - this is what is most valued in the repair strawberry. Varieties selected for a specific climatic zone and planted in fertilized, loose soil will please with abundant fruiting for more than one year. Regular irrigation of the berry plantation and the introduction of organic fertilizing and mineral fertilizers are a guarantee of successful cultivation of crops and high yields.